B.Ed (1.5 Year/2.5 Year)
Course Code: 8613
Semester: spring 2022
Theme: Personality Development of Students
Topic: Developing confidence among students of grade 9th through group activities
(To be filled and signed by the student and retained by the Controller of Examination)
I, Roll No. Registration No., a student of B.Ed Program (1.5 Year / 2.5 Year) at Allama Iqbal Open University do hereby declare that the research project entitled Developing confidence among students of grade 9th through group activities s submitted by me in partial fulfillment of B.Ed (1.5 Year / 2.5 Year) program is my original work and has not been submitted or published earlier. I also solemnly declare that it shall not, in future, be submitted for obtaining any other degree from this or any other university or institution.
I also understand the zero tolerance policy against plagiarism of the university and the HEC and if my work is found to be plagiarized or copied from someone other’s work at any stage, even after the award of the degree, the work may be cancelled and the degree confiscated.
(Signature of the Student)
Research Project Submission Approval Form
(To be filled by the student; and signed by the supervisor and the RD)
This research project entitled Developing confidence among students of grade 9th through group activities submitted b yRoll No. Registration No. , Program (1.5 Year or 2.5 Year) was conducted under my supervision. I have read it and found it to be satisfactory regarding its originality, content, language, relevancy, consistency, citation and reference list. It is ready for submission for evaluation to Allama Iqbal Open University as a partial fulfillment of B.Ed (1.5 Year / 2.5 Year).
(Signature of the Supervisor)
(Name of the Supervisor)
Certified that the student has completed at least 80% attendance and all required components of the workshop.
(Signature of the Regional Director)
Name of the School (where the action research was conducted):
Action research was conducted in Govt. High School Overall background of the participants of the project; area/school: (socio-economic status, occupation/profession – earning trends of majority of the parents, literacy rate, academic quality, and any other special trait of the community where the school is situated) (10 marks)
- Background of the Participants:
The participants of the study were grade 8 students who were enrolled in Govt. Boys High School Challgari. I selected grade 8 students which consisted in total 20 in numbers. Most of the participants were quite helpful and were matured enough to understand the purpose of my research. In their classroom there were no posters and pedagogical materals for learning English. Most of the students (participants) parents had a medium economic level, so their study did not receive full financial support from family. The interest of the students in the investigation led to their keenness for the task and the interview. As a result, teachers sometimes found it difficult to maintain order among students. Most of the participants faced problems to speak English due to different reasons that I enlisted in my existing action research.
Project School was Govt. Boys High School Challgari. School building that contains 17 classrooms. According to the school record, there are a total of 960 students in numbers. The total staff of that school was 12, including the principles, clerk, watchman and the teachers. This school system has been appreciated by members of the nearby people, as well as by parents, teachers and other respective members of the community. Quran Majeed was taught since the third class. The school area belongs to the rural area. I found few books in the liberary. The school environment also represents the market within which a school and its leader must position themselves. The pedagogical approach of the school is to teach the skills and abilities with the student as a center and aims at the integral development of the students. My project school was recently renovated the building. The location of this school is far from the main street. Each classroom shows a list of school values, class rules and a blackboard that shows the learning structure of each day. It makes the teaching and learning process situation work well because the situation is conducive and comfortable.
Socio-Economic Status, Occupation/profession and Earning Trends of Participants Parents
I found that large majority of households were living in neuclear family system and the rest of them had joint and extended family. Most of the students resided in “Packa” houses. Then, more than half of the students’ parents belonged to the high-income group and less than a quarter of the students, belonged to the low-income group. A small number of parents of students were businessmen, government and private employees. A considerable number of the parents of the participants were well educated. The number of parents of the participants was dedicated to government services, as well as private services, respectively. Their parents were progressive in education, but they were still far from higher education. Parents have high expectations of their children. They show considerable participation in their children’s studies by providing facilities for studies and encouraging them.
Topic: Developing confidence among students of grade 9th through group activities
- Why did you select this specific sub-theme and topic? Relate it to your experience / problem in your classroom/institution. (10 marks)
(Give the background and rationale of the study)
Reasons of Selecting This Specific Sub-Theme and Topic
The problem I identified in my classroom was that most of my students were not active enough during the class and did not speak most of the time. Following informal talks with my students, I discovered that most of them had low confidence. So I decided to draw a action research on how to develop student’s self-confidence for better learning at elementary level in grad 5th through collecting data from a needs analysis questionnaire (see Appendix) I had designed for this purpose. Yet, since I decided to use action research as a useful and reliable tool to answer this question.
Background of The Project:
In today’s world it is very important that a person should be self confident because the life is the game of self confidence, If you have self confidence then you will be able to achieve many things. Specially it is very important that students should have good self confidence in his initial age as this will help him to stand out for himself and be a unique person rather than just copying others (Kumar & Singh, 2013).
So below i will tell you why it is important to have a self confidence in students. Self-confidence is about believing in one’s own abilities. It opens doors and encourages students to take risks, express their creativity in classroom assignments and invest in the work they produce at school.
A self-confident child or adult is more likely to be optimistic and motivated and have a “can do” rather than a “can’t do” attitude to classroom learning and education. On the other hand, a lack of confidence can affect the motivation necessary for problem solving and dampen interest in new experiences (Freeman, 2020). Strategies for Helping Students Motivate Themselves. To inspire intrinsic motivation in students, schools should focus on nurturing their sense of autonomy, competence, relatedness, and relevance.
One of the greatest gifts we can give our students is to instill in them a strong sense of confidence. In doing this, we enable them to be higher achievers. Confidence breeds success. If students believe they can succeed, they will succeed. As teachers, we’re in a highly strategic position to instill confidence in our students as we teach and interact with them every day.
One of the greatest gifts we can give our students is to instill in them a strong sense of confidence. In doing this, we enable them to be higher achievers. Confidence breeds success. If students believe they can succeed, they will succeed. As teachers, we’re in a highly strategic position to instill confidence in our students as we teach and interact with them every day. Incorporate creativity as a regular part of class assignments, activities and projects. Your students will experience a huge boost of confidence when they’re given the freedom to express themselves creatively (McClymont, 2020).
If you feel that your students are in need of a little confidence boost in their self-esteem, you can start by using these teaching strategies. Try not to correct every little single thing the student says that is wrong. Setting attainable goals in the beginning of the year is a great way to show students how much they have grown. Give students the opportunity to choose what they learn, this will help them build their self-worth and self-confidence. Be sure to always express a positive attitude at all times. Create opportunities for students to succeed by building on their strengths. Encourage students to do better than they did before. Nurture your students’ strengths, ban harsh criticism, and be a positive role model. When you do these things, along with the suggestions listed above, self-esteem and self-confidence will develop within time (Cox, 2020).
- What was your discussion with your colleague/friend/senior teacher or supervisor regarding the problem? (05 marks)
(Provide your discussion with your colleague or supervisor for better understanding of the problem and alternate solutions)
Discussion With Colleagues/Friends/Supervisor
I told them that this study will provide information for parents, educators and school administrator about developing confidence among children through self-esteem.
I discussed with my colleague, friends, senior teachers and supervisor regarding how to improve students self-confidence at class 8.
I tell them that confidence is a feeling of trust in someone or something. To be self-confident is to have confidence in yourself. Self-confident students don’t doubt themselves.self-confidence is one’s ability to judge his own social and personal standing with respect to his environment and be able to derive satisfaction out of it. Building confidence in students can help prevent student dropout rates, ensure that kids maintain their love for learning and help them achieve their dreams and goals. High self-confidence is an important factor in improving business ties and balancing personal life.
My supervisor added that if you have enough self confidence then you won’t be afraid of fears which are imaginary. To have a fearless attitude it is very important that you should have trust and believe in yourself which only comes with the confidence that you have in yourself. Further he admitted that you as a student have to take many decision in life, If you have the ability to take correct decision at correct time then you will be able to achieve good things in life and this can only be achieved by self confidence.
During discussion one of my senior college suggested that a students self confidence is reflect by his body and his body will only reflect is he has a positive and good self confidence in himself and in his mind. So a student should have a positive body language because it will gives a positive message to others about him and will help you as a student to crack interviews and on the other important decisions.
During discussion one of my teacher asked that how can I improve my students communication style? My supervisor repled ways to improve his students oral language skills. He told that encourage students for conversation, model syntactic structure, remind students to speak loudly and articulate clearly and explain the subtleties of tone, attend to listening skills, incorporate a question of the day and compile a class booklet of students’ phrases.
- What did you find about the problem in the existing literature (books / articles / websites)? (10 marks)
(Explore books and online resources to know what and how has been already done regarding this problem)
Review of Literature
Although this review is presented before the report of the cycles of action research, literature was studied throughout the project to gain a greater understanding of the issues and to resource and improve the teaching approach.
Hooda & Devi (2018) defined that the self is a composite of a person’s thoughts and feelings, strivings and hopes, fears and fantasies, his view of what he is, what he has been, what he might become, and his attitude pertaining to his worth. Self-confidence is a positive attitude of oneself towards one’s self concept. Self-confidence refers to a person’s perceived ability to tackle situations successfully without leaning on others and to have a positive self–evaluation. Self-confidence is the conviction that one is generally capable of producing desired results. Increase in self-confidence helps to develop innate qualities of self-worthy and competency by the reinforcement. Self-confidence is related with success. A confident attitude, a belief and a faith in oneself and one’s ideas are essential in getting ahead but it should also be remembered that self-confidence grows with success that means it is desirable to develop those qualities within oneself that makes for success.
Srimadevi & Saraladevi (2016) found that the child who perceives himself to be able, confident, adequate and a person of worth has more energy to spend on academic achievement and will use his intelligence confident may not come up to the optimum level of attainment. In general, self-confidence refers to an individual’s ability to act effectively in a situation to overcome obstacles and to get things to go alright. Self-confidence is central to good psychological adjustment, personal happiness and effective functioning in children and adults. Problem solving ability has a significant effect on self-confidence.
According to Doqaruni (2014), extra speaking activities were incorporated into the classroom to increase the students performance in terms of pair/group work, and consequently, their confidence. The results showed that an instructional methodology stressing peer collaboration as a tool for increasing the ability of the students to speak is likely to result in confidence. Teacher as a researcher approach is an invaluable tool. Such an approach, which brings together theory and practice, can have positive effects both on the professional development of L2 teachers and on students’ learning processes such as confidence.
Karimi & Saadatmand (2014) suggested that the success of environmental outcomes and feedback will provide a positive and this led to formation of positive sense of self-confidence and valuable it is students. The necessary knowledge of selfconfidence and positive motivation and satisfaction with their positive comments and proposes to continue their education, and the school to resolve the issues and their problems persisted and they spend to stubbornness, and finally, the defeat of fear have fewer. In front of the people who frequent your lesson of failure have been having their confidence and lost the motivation and self-confidence are negative. Therefore, in order to eliminate this issue should carry out successful business people and strengthening their self-confidence so positive of this academic performance has improved by them and upgrade process.
Pandey (2020) suggested that strong self-advocacy skills lead to greater self-confidence, but many students with learning or behavioral challenges may struggle to develop these skills. Emotional support and encouragement are simple and highly effective ways to promote students’ self-esteem and resilience. Fear of failure is a powerful thing. Most people worry at least a little about making mistakes and looking foolish in front of others. Don’t let fear of mistakes and failure affect your students’ success–intervene early by framing them as learning experiences.
Kohli (2019) suggested one of the best ways to improve confidence is to engage kids in various self-esteem activities for students. By boosting self-esteem in students, children who may come from a less than desirable home setting can learn skills that foster a sense of community and respect. By ensuring that a student’s self-esteem is healthy, the environment for learning becomes one where education and learning thrives. Self-esteem activities for students are an excellent way to help boost a child’s confidence and increase learning.
Vyas & Gunthey (2017) suggested that give yourself rewards as you practice building your self-esteem. It does not really matter what the reward is as long as it is something that you really value. Thus, on a concluding note, it is rightly said, self-confidence is just a small term for a lot of things. Emotional constraint, empathy, resilience all go into creating the personality that exudes self-confidence. A self-confident person would know how to say things that are honest with hurting the sentiments of others. A self-confident person would know how to say things that are honest without hurting the sentiments of others. A self-confident person also knows how to be heard with complete dignity, when there is a difference of opinion. What all this really takes is practice, but the most important thing is your own belief that you can do better.
Watson (2020) admitted that feedback children receive plays a primary role in developing their self-esteem, especially when that feedback comes from their mentors. Feedback to children should be goal-oriented rather than person-oriented. Avoid assigning value to students with your feedback. Statements like “I’m proud of you” and “You’re really good at math” are not only unhelpful, but they can also lead children to develop self-concepts based on praise alone.
According to Dan (2020) , fostering can do attitudes and building student’s confidence by setting them up for success and providing positive feedback along with frequent praise are essential tools for both teachers and parents. Think about yourself, the more confident you feel, the better you feel about the task at hand and your ability to do it. When a child is feeling good about themselves, it’s much easier to motivate them to become academically proficient. Self-esteem is an important component to almost everything children do. Not only will it help with academic performance, it supports social skills and makes it easier for children to have and keep friends. Relationships with peers and teachers are usually more positive with a healthy dose of self-esteem. Children are also better equipped to cope with mistakes, disappointment and failure, they are more likely to stick with challenging tasks and complete learning activities. Self-esteem is needed life-long and we need to remember the important role we play to enhance or damage a child’s self-esteem.