Allama Iqbal Open University Course Code 8601-2 Solved Assignment Autumn 2022

Course: General Methods of Teaching (8601) Semester: Autumn 2022

  1. 1 Analyze the effectiveness of guided discussion method.


The Guided Discussion Method

This method contrasts the Lecture method discussed in the last article, by relying on the students to interact by discussing their ideas, experiences, and opinions about the information being covered.  It is extremely useful in the classroom and on the range or track once a student can relate to the topic being covered either by gained knowledge, previous experience, or a similar model to resource.  The guided discussion method is essentially the opposite of the lecture method.  The goal is for the Coach to extract, from the students, their knowledge in such a way as to “guide” their ideas in the proper direction instead of “telling them” what they should know.  This is a departure from a typical pedagogy into coaching and more importantly into education where a long-term and much broader idea of creating a mental model and value systems are accomplished as discussed by Stolovitch and Keeps (2002).

The more intense the discussion and the more participation by the students, the greater the effectiveness of learning in the process.  Key to this teacher/learner transaction is ensuring that all the students are following the discussion and that everyone is treated in an impartial manner.  Questions must be encouraged by the coach to foster the desire of inquiry, sometimes exercising patience and tact, but always allowing appropriate responses and comment.  With this method, a coach should be open enough to accept where the conversation goes, guide it back to where it needs to be, and manage the discussion to eliminate sarcasm and ridicule that would otherwise be a barrier to free flowing ideas.


Q.2 What is cooperative learning and what is different strategies use for it?


Cooperative Learning

Cooperative learning is a strategy used within groups of learners and aims to improve their learning experience and understanding of a learning subject.

This type of learning strategy uses small group tasks and activities as a learning experience. Each member is responsible for learning new information and skills, and at the same time, assisting teammates in learning.

Types of Cooperative Learning

Cooperation among coworkers in an organization will rarely occur naturally. It is up to ………….

to make an effort by taking steps that bring employees together.

Cooperative learning is divided into three types, with a different implementation of each.

  1. Formal Cooperative Learning

It involves the assignment of tasks and projects to a team by an employer. The team members have a clear structure of what is to be done and stay together until the project is complete. It can range from a few hours to several weeks.

  1. Informal Cooperative Learning

This type of learning involves quickly forming teams for short periods to complete a small task at hand. They require no prior planning and have very little structure. They can help bring closure to a day’s work or a small project………..




Q.3 (a) Elaborate the components of presentation skills.

Let’s be real, public speaking, for most people, is more than a little terrifying. Speaking to a group of people, whether in person or virtually, can be nerve-wracking. In fact, in a study of “America’s Top Fears”, almost 30% of Americans report that they are “Afraid” or “Very Afraid” of public speaking.

Presentations and public speaking, however, are vital for almost every industry, both internally and for external purposes (clients, speaking events, PR for the company, etc.). Not to worry, though, because we have made a list of the key components of a great presentation in order to get you started on your journey to public speaking success.


A good way to begin your presentation is to start with an overview so your audience knows there’s a focused agenda and a purpose to what they’re listening to. Once you’ve provided that outline, you’ll want to engage your audience and hold their attention by explaining “what is” (what is the problem, idea, process, etc.) that you want to explain or change. Then you can discuss “what could be”. This is what the outcome of your solution could look like or how this new process can better your listeners’ current experiences.


  1. b) What are the standards of identifying learning difficulties of students?

Many children have trouble reading, writing, or performing other learning-related tasks at some point. This does not mean they have learning disabilities. A child with a learning disability often has several related signs, and they don’t go away or get better over time. The signs of learning disabilities vary from person to person.

Please note that the generally common signs included here are for informational purposes only; the information is not intended to screen for learning disabilities in general or for a specific type of learning disability.

  • Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities i
  • nclude the following:
  • Problems reading and/or writing
  • Problems with math
  • Poor memory
  • Problems paying attention
  • Trouble following directions
  • Clumsiness
  • Trouble telling time
  • Problems staying organized1
  • …………………….



Q.4 Write short note on:

  1. a) Small group

One way to change the pace in your classroom is to do a small group activity. But what type of small group should you use? It depends on the size of your class, the length of time you have available, the physical features of the classroom, and the nature of the group task. Here are several options you could try. Consult the Centre for Teaching Excellence teaching tip “Group Work in the Classroom: Small-Group Tasks” for task ideas.

Buzz groups

Class size: any

Time frame: 3-10 minutes

Setting: no limitations

Description: These groups involve students engaging in short, informal discussions, often in response to a particular sentence starter or question. At a transitional moment in the class, have students turn to 1-3 neighbours to discuss any difficulties in understanding, answer a prepared question, define or give examples of key concepts, or speculate on what will happen next in the class. The best discussions are those in which students make judgments regarding the relative merits, relevance, or usefulness of an aspect of the lecture (Brookfield & Preskill, 1999). Sample questions include, “What’s the most contentious statement you’ve heard so far in the lecture today?” or “What’s the most unsupported assertion you’ve heard in the lecture today?” Reconvene as a class and have a general discussion in which students share ideas or questions that arose within their subgroups.

Comments: This method is very flexible: it is easy to implement in any size of class and in most classrooms, even the most formally arranged lecture hall. Consider how to regain the attention of a large group: turning the lights off and on is one simple yet effective method.

Q.5 a) Briefly express the need and importance of teaching tools in education.

Education is paramount to our children’s future and living standards in the modern world. Innovative and effective teaching tools that teachers can use online at home or school can make learning effective and accessible.

Teaching tools are vitally important for a teacher when teaching a class. These tools help you be more organized and make your style easier to understand. Many tools may help teachers by providing great information, free access, or making homework easier.

Check out the listicle below and explore the best free online teaching tools available today to find the best options for you.

Trusted Teaching Tools for Enhanced Learning


You can access free online teaching tools to help you elevate your classroom standards. As a teacher, you know you never have enough time in the day to do all the things you want and have to do. Including staying updated on the latest trends and technology while finding new teaching tools.

Teaching is a gratifying profession, but it’s not easy. Teachers work long hours, sometimes outside the classroom, so they need to find ways to save time and make their jobs easier. If you have students who use social media more often than their books, then this guide will help you find the best teaching tools available online.

  1. SplashLearn

SplashLearn is a fun and engaging online math program for children in Pre-K through grade 5. It has over 350 curriculum-aligned math games that are played by over 10 million children every month! SplashLearn offers comprehensive math practice for all the topics that kids study at school including numbers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, and decimals. SplashLearn also offers a range of detailed reports that help teachers and parents measure a child’s progress over time.

Teachers who use SplashLearn as a learning tool can assign the topic to their students, who then play games and learn at their own pace within the topic.03038507371

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