AIOU Course Code 8618-1 Solved Assignmen Autumn 2022

Course: School Leadership (8618)                                               

Level: B.Ed (2.5 and 1.5 Years) Semester: Autumn, 2022       




Q.1 What are the different levels of leadership. Elaborate it in detail.         


Levels of Leadership Maxwell (2011) described five levels of leadership. These levels are Position, Permission, Production, People Development, and Pinnacle.. It is a road map for those who want to reach the highest level of leadership. It gives a learning path. It gives a clear picture of leadership. In the following section each step is explained in detail. Leadership is a term that is used in many different ways, but there are basically five levels of leadership: personal, team, managerial, institutional, and global.

Personal leadership is typically the level of leadership that people use to lead themselves. This involves influencing and leading oneself by example.  Team leadership is the level of leadership that people use to lead teams of people. This involves setting goals, developing a plan to achieve those goals, and motivating team members to achieve those goals.  Managerial leadership is the level of leadership that people use to lead organizations or groups of people. This involves setting objectives and creating a structure or system to support the achievement of those objectives.


Q.2 Discuss the need and scope of educational leadership in detail.    



Educational leadership is an important role in any organization. It’s not just about teaching students; it’s about inspiring them to become the leaders of tomorrow. However, there is a lack of quality educational leadership across industries. This is especially true in the technology industry, where many people lack the required skills and knowledge to be successful. In this blog post, we will explore the need and scope of educational leadership in detail and discuss ways you can become a leader in your field. By doing so, you can help shape the future of your industry and inspire others to do the same.

What is educational leadership?

Educational leadership is a process and practice of directing and managing educational organizations, programs, and individuals. Educational leadership can be described as an integrative approach to problem solving that involves the use of both technical expertise and interpersonal skills. In order to be successful in this role, leaders must have a strong understanding of educational theory and principles, as well as the ability to impact change………………



Q.3 Elaborate the Behavioral theories in detail.

Behavioural Theories

Behavioural theories of leadership are based upon the belief that great leaders are made, not born. Consider it the flip-side of the Great Man theory, based on defined behaviour of leaders. Here, the actions of leaders not on mental qualities or internal states, but people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation. The behavioural theories exhibited two general types of behaviour of leaders: Concern for people and concern for production, which gave two assumptions.

• As a leader’s consideration increased, employee turnover and absenteeism declined

 • As a leader’s task orientation increased, employee performance rose. But, sometimes the actual findings were contradictory..


Q.4 What is the difference between Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership?

Both transactional and transformational leadership are types of leadership that have become popular in recent years. Both approaches focus on developing leaders who can get things done, but there are some key differences you should be aware of if you want to choose the right approach for your team. Transactional leadership is typically more focused on getting things done quickly and efficiently. This type of leadership is often used in organizations that need to respond quickly to changes or challenges. Transformational leadership, on the other hand, is more focused on developing leaders who can change the entire organization for the better. This type of leadership is often used in organizations that are struggling or need to make a big change. Which type of leadership is right for your team? That depends on the situation and what’s most important to you as an organization. Read on to learn more about these different types of leadership and how they can benefit your team.



Q.5 Write short notes on the following:                                            

       i      Shaping Norms and Values

It’s no secret that today’s society is a diverse and complex one. With different cultures and perspectives coming together, it’s difficult to create uniform norms and values that everyone can agree on. This is especially true when it comes to social issues, like gender or sexuality. Rather than trying to impose our own views on others, we should be open to their perspectives and try to understand them. This is where dialogue and communication come into play—we need to be able to have frank conversations with each other in order to shape positive outcomes. If we can do this, we will create a more peaceful and tolerant society.

The Purpose of Norms

Norms serve as guidelines for social behavior. They are the expectations and standards that people use to judge what is appropriate in a given situation. Norms can vary from culture to culture, and they change over time.


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