AIOU Course Code 8612-2 Solved Assignment Spring 2022


Q.1   Write down significance and procedure of writing reflective Journal.

A reflective journal (aka a reflective diary) is the perfect place to jot down some of life’s biggest thoughts. In a reflective journal, you can write about a positive or negative event that you experienced, what it means or meant to you, and what you may have learned from that experience.

A well-written journal can be an important tool. As with any tool, to get the most benefits, you need practice. This could mean forcing yourself to write, at first, but after a while, it will become like second nature. Write down your entry as soon as possible after the event. This way, the details will still be fresh in your mind, which will help later in your analysis.

Reflective journals are most often used to record detailed descriptions of certain aspects of an event or thought. For example, who was there, what was the purpose of the event, what do you think about it, how does it make you feel, etc. Write down everything, even if you don’t have a clear idea of how this information will be helpful.

Q.2   Describe role of schools for betterment of individual and society.              

Education has a manifold impact on society, from raising the quality of life, to creating conditions conducive to the development of talented individuals capable of changing society. The importance of education in society lies in the fact that it creates opportunities for acquiring knowledge and skills that are literally changing the world.

The success of an individual greatly depends on their level of education and the ability to practically apply what they have learned in school. The accessibility of quality education is not only important for individual development, but also for the development of society as a whole. It is not just the information from the lessons that matters, but the entire learning process as well, from overcoming obstacles to personal development. This is how mature and accomplished individuals are created, people with a critical view of the world around them, ready to leave their mark on it.

Education plays a very important role in all areas of society, and is most responsible for the development of civilization as we know it. Modern society is built on education, which is visible in several ways: –

Q.3   What is teacher preparation? Discuss impact of globalization on teacher preparation in Pakistan.                                                                                  

Globalization and education are complex phenomena and their causal relationship is of a “chicken or the egg” character. There is of course a great debate over what constitutes both “education” and “globalization”, let alone their relationship with one another. The essays in this issue of Pedagogical Historical are not consistent in their conceptualizations. That inconsistency is a virtue, because it points to the extraordinary range of historical phenomena that may be included in discussions of education and globalization. One way or another social transformations are powerfully affected by cultural developments, some of which may be clearly thought about in terms of the impacts of deliberate and incidental educational activity. In the process individuals, communities of various kinds, the state and collectivities and communities beyond the state are constructed.

Q.4   Explain Communication theory. How can it be used to improve teaching profession?        

Whatever age we are, we go to school to learn. And no matter the type of student, learning depends on good communication. Take a moment to think about your experiences as a student in the classroom. Did you ever struggle to understand or communicate with the instructor? What were some of the barriers in communication? Perhaps the teacher was very strict and that made you fear punishment. Or maybe the environment in the classroom was too competitive and that made it hard for you to ask questions.

These examples represent potential barriers to communication in the classroom. Communication barriers can make it difficult to learn. Ginott’s congruent communication theory seeks to eliminate barriers to communication and learning in the classroom.

Q.5   Explain relationship between ethics and teaching.

Value education is the process by which people give moral values to each other. According to Powney et al It can be an activity that can take place in any human organisation during which people are assisted by others, who may be older, in a condition experienced to make explicit our ethics in order to assess the effectiveness of these values and associated behaviour for their own and others’ long term well-being, and to reflect on and acquire other values and behaviour which they recognise as being more effective for long term well-being of self and others. There is a difference between literacy and education.

There has been very little reliable research on the results of values education classes, but there are some encouraging preliminary results.

One definition refers to it as the process that gives young people an initiation into values, giving knowledge of the rules needed to function in this mode of relating to other people, and to seek the development in the student a grasp of certain underlying principles, together with the ability to apply these rules intelligently, and to have the settled disposition to do so[3] Some researchers use the concept values education as an umbrella of concepts that includes moral education and citizenship education. Themes that values education can address to varying degrees are charactermoral developmentReligious EducationSpiritual developmentcitizenship educationpersonal developmentsocial development and cultural development.


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