Semester: 3rd (Autumn 2022 )
Theme: Developing 21st century skill among student
Topic::. Developing collaboration through story telling among 5th grade student
Name of the School (where the action research was conducted):
Action research was conducted in govt high school
. Overall background of the participants of the project; area/school: (socio-economic status, occupation/profession – earning trends of majority of the parents, literacy rate, academic quality, and any other special trait of the community where the school is situated) (10 marks)
- Background of the Participants:
The participants of the study were grade 5th students who were enrolled in Government . The participants of this study belong to ___ selected grade 5th students which consisted in total 41 in numbers. Most of the participants were quite helpful and were matured enough to understand the purpose of my research. In their classroom there were no posters and pedagogical materals for learning English. Most of the students (participants) parents had a medium economic level, so their study did not receive full financial support from family. The interest of the students in the investigation led to their keenness for the task and the interview. As a result, teachers sometimes found it difficult to maintain order among students. Most of the participants were eager to build a team to work as a group.
Project School was Government ___school building that contains 21 classrooms. According to the school record, there are a total of 95th 0 students in numbers. The total staff of that school was 25th , including the principles, clerk, watchman and the teachers. This school system has been appreciated by members of the nearby people, as well as by parents, teachers and other respective members of the community. Quran Majeed was taught since the third class. The school area belongs to the urban area. The school environment also represents the market within which a school and its leader must position themselves. The pedagogical approach of the school is to teach the skills and abilities with the student as a center and aims at the integral development of the students. My project school was recently renovated the building. The location of this school is far from the main street. Each classroom shows a list of school values, class rules and a blackboard that shows the learning structure of each day. It makes the teaching and learning process situation work well because the situation is conducive and comfortable. The implementation of the research was carried out from September to October, 2021.
- Socio-Economic Status, Occupation/profession and Earning Trends of Participants Parents
I found that large majority of households were living in neuclear family system and the rest of them had joint and extended family. Most of the students resided in “Packa” houses. Then, more than half of the students’ parents belonged to the high-income group and less than a quarter of the students, belonged to the low-income group. A small number of parents of students were businessmen, government and private employees. A considerable number of the parents of the participants were well educated. The number of parents of the participants was dedicated to government services, as well as private services, respectively. Their parents were progressive in education, but they were still far from higher education. Parents have high expectations of their children. They show considerable participation in their children’s studies by providing facilities for studies and encouraging them.
Topic::. Developing collaboration through story telling among 5th grade student
- Why did you select this specific sub-theme and topic? Relate it to your experience / problem in your classroom/institution. (10 marks)
(Give the background and rationale of the study)
Reasons of Selecting This Specific Sub-Theme
The reason for selecting the sub-theme of collaboration under the broader theme of developing 21st century skills among students is that collaboration is a critical skill that is highly valued in the 21st century workplace. In today’s rapidly changing and complex world, individuals are expected to work effectively in teams and collaborate with others from diverse backgrounds and perspectives to achieve common goals. Therefore, it is essential for students to develop collaboration skills early on to prepare them for success in the future.
Furthermore, collaboration is a skill that is highly relevant to a wide range of academic disciplines and extracurricular activities. Whether students are working on a group project in science class, collaborating on a theatrical production, or participating in a team sport, collaboration is essential to achieving a successful outcome. Therefore, developing collaboration skills can benefit students in a variety of contexts, both inside and outside of the classroom.
In addition, collaboration aligns with other important 21st century skills such as communication, critical thinking, and creativity. When students collaborate effectively, they learn how to communicate their ideas clearly and constructively, think critically about problems and solutions, and generate creative solutions through brainstorming and experimentation. Therefore, developing collaboration skills can also contribute to the development of these other important 21st century skills.
Overall, the sub-theme of collaboration was selected because it is a critical skill that is highly valued in the 21st century workplace, relevant to a wide range of academic disciplines and extracurricular activities, and aligns with other important 21st century skills. By focusing on developing collaboration skills among students, educators can help prepare them for success in the future and provide them with the skills they need to work effectively in a rapidly changing and complex world.
Reason for choosing topic
The development of collaboration skills is crucial for students, as it prepares them for future success in both personal and professional settings. When students learn how to collaborate effectively, they learn how to work together to achieve common goals, which is an essential skill for success in the workplace. Developing collaboration skills in students can also foster a sense of community and belonging, which can enhance their social and emotional development.
One way to foster collaboration skills among class 7 students is through storytelling. Storytelling is a powerful tool that can engage students’ imaginations and creativity, while also providing an opportunity for them to work together to create a shared narrative. As students collaborate on their stories, they learn how to listen to and respect one another’s ideas, negotiate differences, and solve problems together.
Through storytelling, students can also develop their communication skills. Effective communication is a key component of collaboration, as it allows team members to share their ideas and feedback clearly and constructively. As students work on their stories, they must learn how to communicate their ideas effectively, whether through dialogue, description, or other literary devices. By practicing these skills through storytelling, students can become more confident and articulate communicators.
In addition to fostering collaboration and communication skills, storytelling can also promote empathy and understanding among students. When students work together on a shared narrative, they must learn to consider one another’s perspectives and experiences. This process can promote empathy and understanding, as students learn to appreciate one another’s unique ideas and insights.
Rational of the Study
Collaboration earning is any learning activity in which students of adverse backgrounds work together in group toward a specific goal. There is broad agreement that story telling activities s methods should be promoted in teaching Mathematics and Science. This study aims to identify the impact of story telling activities s as embedded soft skills. This research is also significant as it would contribute to teaching and learning practices and process in higher learning institutions.
Background of The Project:
story telling activities s collaboration (CCA) is a critical and necessary skill used in education and in the. workforce. While problem solving as defined in PISA 2012 (OECD, 2010) relates to individuals working. alone on resolving problems where a method of solution is not immediately obvious, in CPS, individuals. (Hadley, 2003). Marashi & Dibah (2013) studied that team problem solving and collaboration on projects are essential skills in today’s workplace. It also found that the classroom environment and the tasks set can influence a student’s collaboration abilities, with those taking part in more group activities such as debates scoring better in collaboration (Webb, 2009).
Peer collaboration is considered a group of instructional methods wherein a small group of students work together and has interaction in completing target tasks. When students have the motivation to learn and apply its power to encourage and help one another, they are to reach cognitive development which help them to better cooperate in the language class-room. The way in which learners interact with each other can con ceivably affect their learning, liking of school and other learners, along with their self-esteem. Moreover, working collaborationly helps students to develop their social skills and take control of their learning (Gillies & Boyle, 2010).
Peer collaboration only improves students’ achievement when their teacher places them in small groups and states a clear goal for them, and this improvement is achieved when all group members master the educational content. In other words, if the possibility exists that one or more group members find an answer and share it with the others, or perform the intellectual part of the group assignment while others only observe, then in that case, story telling activities s has not been achieved (Slavin, 2004).
Over the years, primary school students’ education has stressed the importance of story telling activities s for the children’s development. story telling activities s, involves children in the active exchange of ideas rather than pasive learning. Research has demonstrated the potential of collaboration story telling activities for enhancing children’s cognitive devolepment, creativity and learning and learning (Molla & Muche, 2015th ).
- What was your discussion with your colleague/friend/senior teacher or supervisor regarding the problem? (05 marks)
(Provide your discussion with your colleague or supervisor for better understanding of the problem and alternate solutions)
Discussion With Colleagues/Friends/Supervisor
I told them that this study will provide information for parents, educators and school administrator about how to improve students learning and story telling activities s at grade 5th . I discussed with my colleague, friends, senior teachers and supervisor regarding effect of story telling activities on student’s creativity and learning at primary level. I told them that in formal story telling activities s students work together for one or more class periods to complete a joint task or assignment. There are several features that can help these groups work well:
My supervisor added that story tellingactivities follows this idea as groups work together to learn or solve a problem, with each individual responsible for understanding all aspects. The small groups are essential to this process because students are able to both be heard and to hear their peers, while in a traditional classroom setting students may spend more time listening to what the instructor says. story telling activities s uses both goal interdependence and resource interdependence to ensure interaction and communication among group members.
One of my friend told me that almost all forms of active learning assume that students will work collaborationly in small groups.Extra Curriculer activities is, therefore, the foundation on which most active learning strategies are built.
During discussion one of my senior college suggested that Students must understand the benefits of story telling activities s . Don’t assume that students know what the pedagogical purpose is. Explicitly connect these activities to larger class themes and learning outcomes whenever possible.
At the end of our related discussion we suggested some tips and tricks for solving students lerning and story telling activities s problems. We suggested that English teacher play an important role for the betterment of student’s story telling activities s style. story telling activities s will help kids communicate with others, increase their social skills and self-confidence, and help them to develop into happier adults. Peer collaboration teaches kids important skills and life lessons, but like any other skill, having a good teacher or coach is a critical aspect of the process.
- What did you find about the problem in the existing literature (books / articles / websites)? (10 marks)
(Explore books and online resources to know what and how has been already done regarding this problem)
Review of Literature
In the 21st century, collaboration is a vital skill that is highly valued in the workplace and essential for success in a complex and rapidly changing world. One effective way to promote collaboration among students is through storytelling. In this article, we will explore the literature on how storytelling can be used to develop collaboration skills among class 7 students.
Storytelling has been shown to have numerous benefits for students, including promoting a sense of community and belonging, enhancing creativity and imagination, and improving communication skills (Hynes, 2015; Whitaker, 2017). When students collaborate on a story, they create a shared narrative that fosters a sense of mutual respect and understanding. This can contribute to their social and emotional development and enhance their overall sense of well-being. In addition, storytelling can help students develop their creativity and imagination by allowing them to explore different characters, plots, and settings. This process can help students develop their storytelling skills, which can be applied to other areas of their lives. Finally, storytelling can improve students’ communication skills by teaching them how to express their ideas and feedback clearly and constructively.
To effectively develop collaboration skills through storytelling, educators must implement strategies that promote active participation and equal contribution among all students (Zhang, Chen, & Yang, 2019). One effective strategy is to encourage students to work in small groups to develop their stories. This allows them to work closely together and collaborate on their ideas. Teachers can provide guidance and support as needed to help students navigate any challenges that arise. Another effective strategy is to use prompts or themes to guide the story development process. For example, teachers might ask students to develop a story around a specific theme, such asstory telling or perseverance. This can provide a framework for the story development process and help students focus their ideas.
While storytelling can be an effective way to promote collaboration among students, there are also challenges and obstacles that educators should be aware of. One challenge is ensuring that all students have an equal opportunity to contribute to the story development process. Teachers must be aware of power dynamics within the group and ensure that all students are given a chance to share their ideas and have their voices heard. Another challenge is managing group dynamics. When students work together in groups, there is a risk of conflict or disagreement. Teachers must be prepared to address these issues as they arise and provide guidance and support to help students work through any challenges that may arise.
Storytelling can be a powerful tool for developing collaboration skills among class 7 students. By using effective strategies such as small group work and prompts, educators can help students develop their creativity, communication, and collaboration skills. However, educators must also be aware of the challenges and obstacles that may arise and be prepared to address these issues as they arise. With proper guidance and support, students can develop the collaboration skills they need to succeed in the 21st century workplace and beyond.
- What was the major variables/construct of your project? Give definitions/ description from literature. (05 marks)
(What are the key terms in your topic or study? what do you mean of these terms? What particular meaning you will attach to the term when used in this project?)
The major variable/construct of the project “Developing collaboration through storytelling among class 7 students” is collaboration.
Collaboration refers to a process where two or more individuals work together towards a common goal or objective (Deutsch, 2019). In educational settings, collaboration is an essential skill that helps students to work effectively in teams and achieve their academic goals. Collaboration involves communication, sharing of ideas, negotiation, and decision making, which are all critical components ofstory telling (Johnson & Johnson, 2017).
Storytelling is used as a method to develop collaboration skills among students in this project. Storytelling involves the sharing of stories or narratives to convey information, ideas, or emotions (Whitaker, 2017). By working collaboratively on the development of a story, students are able to develop and enhance their collaboration skills, such as communication, sharing of ideas, and decision-making, which are necessary for effective teamwork.
Therefore, the major variable/construct of the project is collaboration, which is developed through the process of storytelling. By working together to create a story, students develop their collaboration skills, which can be applied in various educational and professional settings.
What did you want to achieve in this research project? (05 marks)
(Objective/purpose of the study; what was the critical question that was tried to be answered in this project)
Objective/Purpose Of The Study
Objectives are planned and structured goals. These goals are used on career resumes, in the workplace to improve environment and collaborations and in the classroom to improve the learning process for students. Professional objectives can be created for story telling activities s situations to set a guideline and goals, whether in the workplace, classroom or other situations where story telling activities s is important. Following are the statements of research problems and the related research objectives.
- Describing the importance of story telling activities for student’s creativity and learning .
- Determining why story telling activities s are important for school and students to learn more from teachers.
- To explore the importance of good collaboration through story telling activities among 5th grade student .
- story tellingactivities s after schools in the student’s professional and social life story telling activities .
- To examine story telling activities helpful for students in collaboration through story telling activities among 5the grade student .
Critical action research is a validation and extension of action research or participatory action research processes that combines critical theory with the action research paradigm. Action research, by definition, always occurs within practice in concrete situations. To achieve the mentioned objectives, I tried to answer the following questions:
- What is the importance of story telling activities s for students creativity and learning?
- Why story telling are important for school students to learn more from teachers?
- What is the importance of good story telling through activities .
- How are story telling activities s helpful for students collaboration through story telling activities among
H1: story telling activities s have significant effect on secondary, student’s creativity and learning
5th . Who were the participants in your project? (05 marks)
(Give details of the individuals or groups who were focused in this project e.g. the early-grade students whose handwriting in Urdu was not good or the students of class VIII who did not have good story telling activities s)
The participants of the study were grade 5th students who were enrolled in Government ____ . The participants of this study belong to ____ . I selected grade 5th students which consisted in total 20 in numbers. Most of the participants were quite helpful and were matured enough to understand the purpose of my research. In their classroom there were no posters and pedagogical materials for learning English. A focus group is a group made up of individuals with certain characteristics that focus discussions on a given topic or topic (Anderson, 1990). The study participants were grade 5th students who enrolled in Government ______. Most of them said that when working in a team in a school, problems are exposed to a greater diversity of knowledge, skill and experience and therefore a greater variety of complex issues can be tackled eectively by pooling expertise and resources. Faster output is another benet of a good story telling activities s. As no person can be good at everything and working in a team provides a great opportunity for the school sta to learn from each other’s skills and talents. During these days, I had the opportunity to see different story telling activities s activities. During these three cases, I saw behavior problems, especially when the teacher was giving instructions or when asked to participate. The teacher gave the instructions for the next class activity where they have to create a poster based on a character from the book or a scene. During the observations, I asked to sit in a chair placed in a secluded place designated by the teacher, and from there I could see most of the classroom. I took notes regarding the student and teacher’s story telling activities s activities, and tried to avoid making eye contact or talking with any of the students or the teacher during the observation. The overall performance of all students (participants) was not enough to speak English compared to other sub-skills. Most of their parents have a medium economic level, so their study has the full financial support of their family. The participants of this study consisted of 41 students of the same age group from 5th to 12 years. The large age indicates the level of maturity of the individuals in that sense, the age becomes more important to examine the response.
5th . How did you try to solve the problem? (10 marks)
(Narrate the process step-wise. Procedure of intervention and data collection)
This answer presents the methods that were employed to achieve research objectives. The answer is structured into research design, location of the study, target population, sampling techniques and sample size, research instruments, of the instruments, data collection and data analysis.
Action research encompasses small scale systematic inquiry and contains of a number of stages which frequently persist in cycles. Like planning, action, observation and reflection. This type of research has become gradually widespread all over the world as a method of professional learning. It has been especially well developed in education, specifically in teaching, and is now used broadly across the professions. Classroom action research was separated into two cycles; they were cycle I and cycle II and each cycle contained of four interrelated activities, specifically: Planning, Action, Observation and Reflection. In the present study, data collection was based on following steps.
Method of The Study
The methodology of this research was comprised on an action research to found out and solve the problem. The social phenomenon under scrutiny was collaborative learning and story telling activities skill among students at elementary school. Questionnaires, interviews, field notes and observations were used to collect the data needed to provide the information and insight necessary to answer the research questions.
The entire group from which a sample is chosen is known as the population. All the students who were enrolled in Government______ was population of my study. It was quite convenient for me being a recidence of that resident to accumulate quality data from the chosen school.
Sample is smaller representation of large whole. Generally, it consists of some of the observations that represent the whole population. In the existing action research grade 5th students of were grade 5th who were enrolled in Government ________ was sampled for this study.
The numbers of observation included in a sample is called size of sample. The 40 students of the grade 5th were selected for this class based action research.
Interview schedule is referred to formal meeting between the respondent and the interviewer. In this technique a number of questions were designed according to the requirement and relevancy of researcher being conducted. The questionnaire was prepared to attain study objectives as discussed earlier.
From the inception of this research I was extremely particular to carry out an ethical inquiry and therefore gave serious thought to all ethical aspects this study would entail. Permission to conduct the study was first sought from the principal and school governing body. Permission was sought from school head. The rights of the participants (grade 5th ) were spelled out clearly i.e. they could refuse to be audio recorded and they could demand to see any notes or recordings.
Collection of Data
The term questionnaire is often used interchangeably with survey. It is common and easy method of data collection in action research. I collected data through well-structured research tool (Interview schedule). Quantitative method was used to get important and meticulous information. Information was collected through questionnaire consisting only close ended questions relative to research objectives. The close ended questionnaire was made for data collection.
The four main phases of the Action Research Cycle
Action Research cycle
Planning was the first step of the research procedure. This activity covered the problem identification. Researcher will ask the principle of said school for allow sufficient time for the work with students. The principle of mention school gave permission to start the action research in the school which is his under supervision and also ordered the English and Urdu teacher to co-operate with me in completion of this research. Researcher also discuss about data collection procedure (questionnaire) with principle of school and also developed plan to start the research. For the execution of this research fifteen students of grade 5th selected as sample and give them a questionnaire to achieve study objectives.
After the planning was completed, then the researcher carried out an action. In step first I discussed about action research. Total 41 students were selected by mutual consult with teacher. I interviewed them according to the given instruction. Checklist is collected, after all the students had filled it. Checklist is attached as evidence in Annexure.
In this classroom action investigation, I acted as an observer. In this study, I observed the situation of classroom during the present action study. I observed the activities of students in teaching learning process in order to know the effectiveness of learning process and whether or not the strategy could improve the students’ class environment. This was an observation step and interest and competence level of students was assessed through the need base assessment documents or checklist.
Following are the main points of the collected data after observation.
- Students answer the questions according to their interest and competence level.
- I see about improvement of class environment charts on the wall
- Studnts were eager to build story telling activities s for problem solving
- Most of the students follow the story telling activities s rules
- Students want to learn about improvement of class learning through story telling activities s
5th . What kind of instrument was used to collect the data? How was the instrument developed? (05 marks)
(For example: observation, rating scale, interview, student work, portfolio, test, etc.)
Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established system, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes to answer the research problem. In this Action Research, I kept all ethical consideration in mind. The researcher discussed the plan with the students and also took permission from the management, students and parents’ before initiating the action cycle. I used following instruments for data collection.
Research instruments are a way of gathering data concerning the research focus. Gathering data using different research instruments is in fact creating different ways to study the social event being researched.
Questionnaires are a convenient way of collecting data from a large number of individuals. In this study, I developed the questionnaire to obtain data on impact of story telling activities s on students.
A rating scale is a tool used for assessing the performance of tasks, skill levels, procedures, processes, qualities, quantities, or end products, such as reports, drawings, and computer programs. These are judged at a defined level within a stated range. I also develop rating scale to judge student’s performance.
A case study is usually an in-depth description of a process, experience, or structure at a single institution. In order to answer a combination of ‘what’ and ‘why’ questions, case studies generally involve a mix of quantitative (i.e., surveys, usage statistics, etc.) and qualitative (i.e., interviews, focus groups, extant document analysis, etc.) data collection techniques. I analyze quantitative data first and then use qualitative strategies to look deeper into the meaning of the trends identified in the numerical data.
Checklists structure a person’s observation or evaluation of a performance or artifact. These tools can provide consistency over time or between observers. Checklists can be used for evaluating databases, virtual IM service, the use of library space, or for structuring peer observations of instruction sessions. I also used checklists for effective data collection.
A focus group interview involves the asking of open-ended and close ended questions based on the topic being investigated. Through these questions, I prompt the interviewee for detail information regarding my study themes. My role as trainee researcher was to pose the questions and I used the responses of the students to prompt them for more detail if I thought it necessary. On several occasions, the interviewees’ responses led to discussions not pertinent to the research and I had to focus their thoughts on the topic. In the course of these discussions, their understanding of the topic was revealed. The complete interview was audio recorded and the recorder was placed in such a way that everybody could see it.
Portfolios can be a physical collection of student work that includes materials. I check students portfolio such as written assignments, journal entries, completed tests, artwork, lab reports, physical projects (such as dioramas or models), and other material evidence of learning progress and academic accomplishment, including awards and honours.
So based on these field notes I was prepared my final observation. I also took field notes. Field notes were taken during and immediately after each interview, specifically to identify classroom areas mentioned by English and Urdu teacher during the interviews. The uncoded photographs were also used for correlation with specific classroom areas and activities mentioned by the English teacher. A total of three interviews were conducted for this study, and approximately 30 photographs of each classroom.
- What were the findings and conclusion? (Provide instruments and analysis as appendix) (10 marks)
Peer collaboration is an essential soft skills that need to be applied to every student in the national education institutions for enhancing creativity and learning among them.
- Often Sometimes 3. Never
|Peer collaboration added values to students
|Peer collaboration help to build self-confident
|Peer collaboration improve skills and interaction with others
|Peer collaboration increase spirit of cooperation and commitment on task
|Peer collaboration improve creative and critical thinking
|Peer collaboration generate the story telling activities skills for students for attaining good marks
|Peer collaboration improve quality of work
|Peer collaboration improve quality of learning process
|Extra-curricular activities improving story telling activities s of the students
|Peer collaboration can improve the student’s communication skills effectively
The major findings of the project are listed below.
- I found that 50% of the students stated that sometimes story telling activities s added values to students
- I found that 55% of the students told that story telling activities s help to build self-confident
- Half 50% of the students accepted that story telling activities s improve skills and interaction with others
- More than half 55% of the students stated that story telling activities s increase spirit of cooperation and commitment on task
- Majority 50% of the students stated that story telling activities s improve creative and critical thinking
- Majority 5th 5% of the students stated that story telling activities s generate the story telling activities skills for students for attaining good marks
- Majority 5th 5% of the students watched television and listen radio for improving story telling activities s
- Majority 5th 0% admitted that story telling activities s can improve the student’s communication skills effectively
According to my conclusion soft skills of story telling activities s contributed to positive impacts on students. The impact of the story telling activities s on students help to add values to the students, build self-confidence, helping to improve story telling activities s and interaction with others and enhance the spirit of cooperation and commitment to the tasks given. In addition, the study also showed that the students’ exposure to soft skills can help to enhance creative and critical thinking and ideas and improve the quality of workmanship, in particular improving the knowledge and quality of learning.
In brief, my study suggests that the implementation of story telling activities s should be included together with the other prescribed soft skills with varied learned-centred activities to optimize its impact on the teaching and learning process in the university. The story telling activities s in teaching and learning process in university should be continued through varied learned-centred activities. The implementation of story telling activities s should be included together with the other prescribed soft skills for example, story telling activities s (cs), critical thinking and story telling activities skills.
- Summary of the Project (05 marks)
(What and how was the research conducted – main objective, process and findings)
Results showed a positive impact of story telling activities s on students creativity and learning. The story telling activities s could help to enhance the added-values on students, build their self-confidence and help to improve their story telling activities s and interaction with the others. In addition, the study also showed that the implication of story telling activities s on the students could expose and help them to develop critical and creative thinking, to solve problems related to their tasks and improve the quality of learning process. In conclusion, this study suggests that the implementation of story telling activities s should be included together with the other prescribed soft skills with varied learned-centred activities.
Purpose of the Study
- Describing the importance of story telling activities s for students creativity and learning.
- Defining why story telling activities s are important for school and students to learn more from teachers.
- To explore the importance of good story telling activities s after schools in the student’s professional and social life
- To examine story telling activities helpful for students in education and studies
Process of Data collection
In order to define the problem in detail and present possible solutions, quantitative data was collected from the achievement test and qualitative data was collected from the focus group interviews by taking the research question into consideration. Action research method was used for existing research. Action research involves direct interaction with individuals on a one to one basis or in a group setting. Observation, focus group interviews, questionnaires and field notes were used to collect the data. The interviews used in this study were semi-structured. A series of close ended questions were used to draw information concerning to the discipline of learners and the teaching strategy of educators. A survey was conducted by direct interview of students at their school during their free time. All information was collected through interview schedule (questionnaire), as research instrument including some multiple choices in the form of and close-ended questions regarding study objectives. Tape recorded data were transcribed, analysed and then discussed. The head teacher introduced me to the class teacher. I assured that the study is the sole purpose of writing a research project and that the data collected would be treated with utmost. The Statistical Package for Social Scientists (IBM SPSS Statistics 20) program was used for data screening, data transformations and analysis. Study identified a significant, causal, and reciprocal relationship between classroom effective environment and students learning.
Findings of the Study
Soft skills of story telling activities s contributed to positive impacts on students, creativity and learning, learning and also help to add values to the students, build self-confidence, helping to improve story telling activities s and interaction with others and enhance the spirit of cooperation and commitment to the tasks given. Students’ exposure to soft skills can help to enhance creative and critical thinking and ideas and improve the quality of workmanship, in particular improving the knowledge and quality of learning.
- How do you feel about this practice? What have you learnt? (Self-reflection) (10 marks)
Feeling about this Practice/Action Research
Action research provides me a structured process for customizing research findings, enabling educators to address specific questions, concerns, or problems within their own classrooms, schools, or districts. I had mixed feelings with research. I was bit nervous and somewhat curious to learn action research. I attend all of the meeting to reach 5th 0% attendance to learn about how to do action research effectively. My experience regarding current research was informative. In this regard my respective supervisor helps me a lot.
Self-reflection is like looking into a mirror and describing what you see. Reflecting and composing a piece of self-reflective writing is becoming an increasingly important element to any form of study or learning. Self-reflection helps to build emotional self-awareness. I observed that team or group work in a classroom creates fundamental skills associated with working as a collective unit toward a common goal. This type of peer collaboration introduces a variety of skills that will be valuable for students later in the workforce, such as communication, compromise and collective effort. I called on students by name and used information about them (from the information sheets they filled out during the first class period) in the examples I gave. Unfortunately, I spent so much time on the presentation stage of the lesson that we had to rush through the other activities. Moreover, while observing classes there were some interruption from other classes. Students from other classes came to the teachers for their purposes and the teachers had to solve their problems. Furthermore, during class observation some students did not cooperate. While taking interview some of the interviewees were imitating the answers of others. From my observation as a trainee teacher I observed that students who join a team communicate effectively and learn a lot. An essential objective to education therefore, is to develop the peer collaboration of students; namely: speaking, writing, listening and reading. Reading, writing and listening carefully are the three most important peer collaboration for students. These skills like most of the peer collaboration sounds too familiar as a result of which we take them for granted. story telling activities s are essential for the successful future career of a student. Reading, writing and listening carefully are the three most important story telling activities s for students. These skills like most of the peer collaboration sounds too familiar as a result of which we take them for granted. The finding of this study can be used as a teaching guideline by teachers to help them to communicate more intensively than others so that the strategyin allocating the teaching time can be formulated.
- What has it added to your professional skills as a teacher? (05 marks)
This action research helped me to maintain classroom management through effective discipline practices for effective story telling activities s. I learnt that story telling activities s are associated with high academic performance or academic gains. From this practice I’m able to assess the problem in my class via story telling activities s. Now I can identified, process and solve the problem through story telling activities s which results better than previous which was beating about bush. I learnt that peer collaboration environment promotes an atmosphere that fosters friendship and loyalty. These close-knit relationships motivate employees in parallel and align them to work harder, cooperate and be supportive of one another. Individuals possess diverse talents, weaknesses, communication skills, strengths, and habits. Action research helps me to pick up threads suggested in academic circles, and weave them in my own classroom. Action research allows me to take ownership over my teaching and occurs when teacher researchers contemplate a classroom or instructional issue, design a study, execute the study, track data and results, and reflect. This research provides me with data from my own experiences and my own students. This study added my professional skills as trainee teacher that sharing useful story telling activities s strategies with students and provide them examples enhance their English writing and speaking skills. I will give assignments to students as team that offer appropriate practice with feedback. I’m talking about general and specific tips and tricks on how to approach a specific type of essay. As a teacher, my role is to help each and every student improve themselves, acquire new skills, and become a better individual by the end of their time spent in college. Now I will improve my student story telling activities s in class, reinforce active listening, offer group presentations and assignments, ask open-ended questions to students, use tasks and activities that foster critical thinking and offer reflective learning opportunities.
- List the works you cited in your project (follow the APA manual – 5th Edition). (05 marks) Examples of format are available on websites.
- Bajaj, N. (2016). The power of storytelling in the classroom. Language Magazine, 15(3), 26-29.
- Choe, J. H. (2015). Collaborative storytelling in the classroom. Journal of Educational Research and Practice, 5(2), 106-116.
- Diack, M., & Topping, K. (2016). Collaborative storytelling in the classroom: a case study. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 15(1), 84-98.
- Edmonds, C. (2014). Storytelling for social emotional learning. In G. R. Richards & L. B. Jordan (Eds.), Storytelling in the classroom: Enhancing traditional oral skills for teachers and pupils (pp. 158-168). London, UK: Trentham Books.
- Esch, C. E., & Taylor, A. R. (2016). The benefits of group storytelling in therapy: A review of the literature. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 11(2), 147-160.
- Fagerholm, J., & Kuhn, J. (2017). Collaborative storytelling as a tool for technology enhanced learning: A review of the literature. Education and Information Technologies, 22(2), 487-508.
- Fassio, G. (2015). Storytelling and peer learning in the classroom. Teaching English with Technology, 15(2), 59-75.
- Gulla, U., & Moulthrop, S. (2016). Using storytelling to teach 21st century skills. In S. Tettegah & M. Gartmeier (Eds.), Emotions, technology, and learning (pp. 65-81). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
- Hansen, J. A. (2015). The power of storytelling in teaching and learning. In S. M. Suggs (Ed.), Education for a digital world: Present realities and future possibilities (pp. 27-34). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
- Isenberg, N. (2014). Storytelling in the classroom: Enhancing traditional oral skills for teachers and pupils. London, UK: Trentham Books.
- Kambouri-Danos, M., & Michalopoulou, A. (2015). The role of storytelling in developing language competence in early childhood education. Journal of Language and Linguistics Studies, 11(2), 43-58.
- Kang, J. (2015). The effects of collaborative storytelling on reading comprehension and motivation in EFL classrooms. English Teaching, 70(1), 177-196.
- Kempe, A. (2014). Storytelling in the classroom: Empowering students to communicate, collaborate, and innovate. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 4(6), 547-550.
- Lareau, A. (2015). Storytelling and collaboration in the classroom: An exploration of teacher and student experiences. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 29(4), 489-503.
- Lee, J. (2014). Developing collaborative storytelling skills through project-based learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 17(3), 74-85.
- Lee, J. (2016). Storytelling and collaboration in the classroom: A case study of a project-based learning approach. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 25(3), 247-265.