AIOU Higher Education 8625-1 Solved Assignment Autumn 2022

Course: Higher Education (8625) Semester: Autumn, 2022

Level: M.A/M.Ed                                                                                                                                                                                                                


Q.1 Evaluate the nature and scope of higher education. How higher education is linked with development of a society?


Higher education is a critical part of any society’s development. It allows individuals to pursue knowledge and skillsets that they otherwise may not be able to, and it provides opportunities for social and economic mobility. There are a number of ways in which higher education is linked with development. For one,higher education leads to an increase in human capital, which can then be used to drive economic growth. In addition, higher education can also help to create more tolerant and open societies, as well as improve health outcomes. However, it is important to note that not all societies place the same importance on higher education. In some cases, lower levels of educational attainment may be more beneficial for economic development. Similarly, some societies may prioritize other aspects of development over education. Nonetheless, it is clear that higher education plays a vital role in the development of any society.

What is higher education?

There are many different types of higher education institutions, including traditional universities, liberal arts colleges, community colleges, and for-profit colleges. Higher education is generally divided into two categories: undergraduate education and graduate education.


Q.2      Explain different modes applicable to the universities? Which mode do you think is the most appropriate in Pakistan Context and why?          

Different modes of education have always been a matter of debate. Some people are in favor of online education while others consider it to be a substandard version of the real thing. we will explore the different modes of university education and try to determine which one is the most appropriate in the Pakistani context. We will also look at the advantages and disadvantages of each mode so that you can make an informed decision about your own educational journey.

Modes Of University

There are different modes of universities which are as follow:

a) Traditional Universities: In traditional universities, students attend classes in person and most of the learning takes place in a face-to-face setting. This is the most common type of university and is what most people think of when they think of college.





Q.3      Critically examine the role of Higher Education Commission in the development and growth of higher education in Pakistan.         


The Higher Education Commission (HEC) is a key player in the development and growth of higher education in Pakistan. Founded in 2002, the HEC is responsible for promoting and coordinating higher education in the country. In recent years, the HEC has come under fire for its role in the development of higher education in Pakistan. Critics argue that the HEC has not done enough to ensure quality control or to improve access to higher education. They also point to the commission’s lack of transparency and accountability as major problems. This will critically examine the role of the Higher Education Commission in the development and growth of higher education in Pakistan. We will assess the criticisms levelled against the HEC and consider its impact on the future of higher education in Pakistan.

The role of Higher Education Commission in Pakistan

The Higher Education Commission (HEC) is a well-recognized and reputable authority in Pakistan when it comes to the development and growth of higher education. The commission was established in 2002 with an aim to improve the quality of higher education in the country and to promote research and development activities. The HEC has played a pivotal role in the establishment of new universities, the accreditation of academic programmes, and the provision of scholarships and financial assistance to students and academics.





Q.4      Critically discuss different function of universities. Elaborate he nature and need of every function with the help of examples in Pakistan context.

Universities play a vital role in society. They are responsible for educating the next generation of leaders, thinkers, and doers. They also conduct research that helps to solve problems and advance knowledge. While universities fulfill many different functions, some of the most important ones are discussed below. In Pakistan, universities typically offer programs leading to degrees such as the Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Master of Arts (MA), or Master of Science (MSc).

The Different Functions of Universities

There are different types of universities which offer a variety of functions. Each type of university has its own strengths and weaknesses, and each is suited to different types of students.

The most common type of university is the research university. Research universities are focused on generating new knowledge through research. They typically have large faculties and staffs, and their students are usually enrolled in graduate programs. Research universities tend to be more expensive than other types of universities, and they typically have higher admissions standards.


Q.5      Explain the higher education system in Japan. What are the major implications of this systems for higher education system of Pakistan.

The Japanese higher education system is one of the most unique in the world. It is also one of the most successful, with Japanese students consistently outperforming their international counterparts. The Japanese system has a number of implications for the higher education system of Pakistan. In this , we will explore some of these implications and how they can be used to improve the quality of Pakistani higher education.

The Higher Education System

The higher education system in Japan is based on the European model and is highly selective. The majority of students attend public universities, with a small number attending private institutions. There are three types of degrees offered by Japanese universities: the first is a four-year bachelor’s degree, the second is a two-year master’s degree, and the third is a doctorate.

Admission to Japanese universities is based on entrance examinations, which are held every year in late January or early February. These exams are administered by each individual university and are very competitive. In order to be eligible to take the exams, students must have completed 12 years of schooling.

There are a few major implications of the higher education system in Japan for the higher education system of Pakistan. First, the admission process is much more competitive in Japan, which can lead to Pakistani students feeling overwhelmed and discouraged. Second, the cost of attending a university in Japan is significantly higher than in Pakistan,


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