AIOU Course Code 8606-1 Solved Assignment Spring 2022

Assignment No. 1

Q. 1 a) Define the concept of social structure. (10)


Social structure is sometimes defined simply as patterned social relations—those regular and repetitive aspects of the interactions between the members of a given social entity. Even on this descriptive level, the concept is highly abstract: it selects only certain elements from ongoing social activities.

social structure, in sociology, the distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together. Social structure is often treated together with the concept of social change, which deals with the forces that change the social structure and the organization of society.

Although it is generally agreed that the term social structure refers to regularities in social life, its application is inconsistent. For example, the term is sometimes wrongly applied when other concepts such as custom, tradition, role, or norm would be more accurate.

Studies of social structure attempt to explain such matters as integration and trends in inequality. In the study of these phenomena, sociologists analyze organizations, social categories (such as age groups), or rates (such as of crime or birth). This approach, sometimes called formal sociology, does not refer directly to individual behaviour or interpersonal interaction. Therefore, the study of social structure is not considered a behavioral science; at this level, the analysis is too abstract. It is a step removed from the consideration of concrete human behaviour, even though the phenomena studied in social structure result from humans responding to each other and to their environments. Those who study social structure do, however, follow an empirical (observational) approach to research, methodology, and epistemology.

b) Analyze the cultural elements of Pakistani Society. (10)


Q.2 a) Discuss the principles of group dynamics. (10)
b) What is the role of a teacher in molding the individual and group behavior in
the classroom environment? (10)

Q.3 a) Highlight the role of education in preserving and promoting the culture of a society. (10)
b) Suggest possible ways in which teachers may socialize with their students in
school and classroom. (10)

Q.4 a) Elaborate the process of socialization. (10)
b) Analyze the role of media in manipulating social opinion. (10)

Q.5 Discuss the working of some major institutions of society. (10)
b) How do recreational institutions influence socializatin?

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